Current situation and dilemma of the hottest metal

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Current situation and dilemma of metal packaging industry

classification of main products of metal packaging: first, metal plate printing

according to incomplete statistics, by 2003, there were about 800 metal plate printing machines and more than 300 coating machines in China. Among them, imported and domestic iron printing machines account for half, while domestic paint machines account for a large proportion. Iron printing machines are mostly monochrome and two-color. Recently, Shanghai Baosteel Group Baoyin metal color coating Co., Ltd. introduced Germany's first fully automatic, high-precision six color iron printing production line, which helps to promote the improvement of domestic metal plate printing technology and equipment

two, two and three piece beverage cans

China's original 22 aluminum two-piece can companies are basically wholly foreign-owned or Sino foreign joint ventures, of which 6 have stopped production or have not started construction. The original 26 production lines, due to the oversupply of the market, can they be successfully developed after all? 7 production lines have been discontinued, and 19 are currently in operation. The production capacity is about 11012billion, and the current market demand is only about 7billion. Although there is great potential to be tapped, the further expansion of the aluminum two-piece can market also depends on the improvement of the localization of aluminum plates. At present, it basically relies on imported aluminum plates, which costs a lot of foreign exchange

there are about 300 production lines of three piece beverage cans with tinplate as raw material in China (about 60% imported from abroad), of which 40% of the high-speed production lines are 800, 1200 cans per minute, and the rest are medium and low-speed production lines, with an average of 400 cans per minute. The total annual production capacity is nearly 20billion cans. But at present, the actual consumption demand is only about 6billion cans. Blind introduction leads to serious oversupply. With the economic growth and the improvement of people's living standards, there is bound to be room for development of two-piece and three piece drink cans in the future. It is suggested that the relevant departments should carefully examine and approve it and not blindly introduce it. It is suggested that the idle equipment in the eastern region should be transferred to the West

III. aerosol cans

China's aerosol cans technology is widely used in the fields of sanitation, insecticides, chemicals, cosmetics and the vast rural areas, and has newly developed applications in the fields of food, air fresheners and medicine. The output of aerosol cans increased from 30million cans in the mid-1980s to 560million cans in 2002. Stimulated by SARS consumption, the demand increased sharply to 610million cans in 2003, making it the fastest-growing category of metal packaging. It is estimated that the demand will reach 800million cans in 2005, and there is still room for development of this product

IV. all kinds of bottle caps

metal bottle caps include aluminum easy pull caps, anti-theft caps, tinplate loose caps and crown caps. At present, China has more than 150 imported stamping production lines. Such as crown caps: the production capacity of different models of equipment is 110000 safety devices to avoid accidents, 140000 and 270000 per hour respectively. The annual production capacity of all kinds of bottle caps exceeds 75billion, and the actual market demand is about 50billion, with supply exceeding demand

in all kinds of bottle cap markets, the unscrewed cap of Wuxi Huapeng jiaduobao bottle cap Co., Ltd., the crown cap of Shanghai Ziquan Packaging Co., Ltd., the aluminum easy pull cap of Zhuhai Nanshan and Taicang Xingda, the aluminum anti-theft cap of Shandong Lipeng, Yiwu and Changhong of Zhejiang Province and Fujian Zhangzhou Henglong packaging tinplate large opening can caps are representative. Most of these products are used in the food canning industry

v. miscellaneous cans

miscellaneous cans mainly refer to various special-shaped cans other than the standard cans used for solid food, stationery, medicine, toys, gifts, etc. The gift box of export packaging technology is the main export variety of metal cans in China. At present, the market demand is about 5billion. It is estimated that the output of miscellaneous cans in 2005 and 2010 will reach 6billion and 8billion respectively, and the enterprises producing miscellaneous cans can have profit space in the cracks of high-precision and top-level enterprises

VI. chemical barrels

chemical barrels mainly refer to small barrels with less than 118 liters. It is mainly used as transit packaging for raw food, chemical coatings, paints, lubricants, etc. its output has increased vigorously in recent years, with an increase of 16.2% at the end of the ninth five year plan compared with the end of the eighth five year plan. It is expected that the output will increase by 58.2% at the end of the tenth five year plan, reaching 6.8 billion

VII. Empty cans

according to incomplete statistics, there are about 4billion tinplate cans used annually for cans, which have great development prospects under the continuous growth of exports and domestic sales

VIII. Steel drums

at present, the production capacity of 35 liter and 200 liter steel drums in China has reached more than 80million, and the market demand is 60million. The emergence of 200 liter plastic barrels, tankers, and bulk shipping has intensified the competition in the steel barrel industry. Nevertheless, the output of large barrels increased by 17.75% at the end of the Ninth Five Year Plan period compared with the end of the Eighth Five Year Plan period. With the great development of the chemical and petroleum industries, it is expected that there will be a substantial growth momentum in the future

main problems:

at present, there are four major problems to be solved in China's metal packaging industry

the production capacity of one, two-piece cans, three piece beverage cans, crown caps, and chemical barrels less than 18 liters is excessive, and the capacity of high-quality and high-end products is obviously insufficient. There are too few enterprises that can produce small capacity, ultra-thin cans, various special-shaped cans and boutique cans that are suitable for the effect of supermarket shelves. The single type of variety can hardly meet the requirements of further development of packaging, which restricts the development of metal packaging

second, most metal packaging enterprises are small-scale and have low industrial concentration. There are about 60 domestic enterprises that consume more than 10000 tons of tinplate annually. COFCO Meite, a leading enterprise in China (including Wuxi Huapeng bottle cap and Guangzhou Fanyu Meite), consumes 75000 tons of tinplate annually and produces and sells 800million yuan. In addition to COFCO Meite, there are also large-scale enterprises such as Beijing ORG Xinmei group, Fujian Shengxing group, Fujian Jiamei group, Sanshui Jianlibao can making company, Haikou Yeshu can making company and Shanghai Meilin can making group, Compared with large-scale enterprises in foreign developed countries, there is still a big gap

third, lack of talents and innovation ability. In general, there are few enterprises in the metal packaging industry that develop and independently innovate advanced technologies and new products. At present, the international mainstream equipment has developed in the direction of digitalization, networking, high-speed and low consumption, more environmental protection and humanization, while China's dependence on imports of major metal packaging equipment and materials has not been fundamentally changed

IV. the current biggest difficulty is the high price of tinplate, which has been raised by more than 80% since June 2002. However, the increased cost of the metal can industry is less than 20% transferred to the downstream industry, which is difficult. At present, it has entered a trough for the second time

development ideas:

at present, the key to the development of metal packaging enterprises is how to get out of the shadow of low-level, homogeneous and price competition, and transition to the competition of different, scale, specialty, internationalization and high value-added products. Many large domestic enterprises have made successful explorations. COFCO Hangzhou Meite, ORG canmaking, Fujian Shengxing, Shanghai Meilin canmaking, etc. follow the group and large-scale development mode: Taking COFCO Hangzhou as an example, from a single regional brand company in Hangzhou, COFCO Hangzhou rapidly expanded to three points in South China, East China and North China within one year, radiating the pattern of the national market, and became the development and production base of iron printing packaging containers of China Packaging Federation. With Beijing as the leader, org can manufacturing Co., Ltd. now has several joint ventures or affiliated branches in Hainan, Beijing, Shandong, Xinjiang, etc. It is also a model of integration. The Tianbao hardware products factory in Dongguan has an export-oriented one-stop development mode: focusing on design services, OEM processing and overseas markets, with small investment and large output, it has become a large enterprise of gift packaging, stationery and office supplies

increase investment:

China's role as a major packaging country in the world, coupled with the development of downstream related industries, the WTO has entered three years and the 2008 Olympic Games, which have brought new development opportunities to the metal packaging industry. In terms of per capita consumption, China's annual per capita beverage consumption is about 10 cans (two-piece cans and three-piece cans), which is much lower than the level of 375 cans per capita in the United States; China's per capita annual consumption of canned food is less than 1.9 kg, while that of Western European developed countries is 50 kg. Therefore, the government, associations, and relevant colleges and universities need to give support. The guarantee of talents, technology and funds needs the support of the government and financial institutions to expand and strengthen metal packaging and promote its healthy development

promote technological innovation:

in order to keep pace with the market prosperity, the designs and varieties of metal packaging products should be constantly updated. The packaging with lighter weight, less materials, more environmental protection and more visual charm constantly calls for the technological progress and innovative development of metal packaging

the thickness of the sheet commonly used in production in China is 0.16 0.28mm, while the iron printing products in developed countries have entered the era of ultra-thin, using 0.12mm or even thinner sheet and micro roll sealing technology to make cans, barrels and covers. It is said that it has been successfully developed in Taiwan Province and Japan. It can be directly heated by fire, barbecue cans, microwave cans, etc. p>

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